The Committee for Local Government Reform, chaired by Edouard Balladur, in 2014 recommends creating the "Greater Paris", a local special-status corresponding to the territory of Paris and three departments of the inner ring (124 municipalities, 6.5 million). This scenario is based on the report of Senator Philip Dallier, Senator for Seine-Saint-Denis. Many consider this option Obervations "supra-local" poses problems both for the strategic management of metropolitan Paris (300 common) but also in terms of local urban management (the dynamics of inter-municipal cooperation often make more effective). According Ariane Azema, Advisor to the President of the Ile-de-France must advocate the political consensus to imagine a city capable of dealing with issues of social justice and identity that arise. That is the purpose of this position that can be read on the site Terra Nova
rating Balladur committee on the Ile de France
can also read the views of Peter Mansat, Deputy Mayor of Paris in Paris metropolis, the debate that the association had organized Urba + 12 June 2008 in a crisis on the adoption of the draft SDRIF (the conflict between the government and the region is also not set). During the debate Mansat Peter had then pleaded for "a federation of local governments" : a project diametrically opposed to the community supra-local report Balladur.
The perspective on the debate Mansat Pierre Le Grand Paris Town Planners:
Since the Elysee gets involved, the "Greater Paris" became fashionable. And many people who meddle in the discussion in bad faith or, perhaps worse, in complete ignorance. What has not been the case, Thursday, June 12, during a meeting held at the Conservatoire National des Arts et Metiers (CNAM) by the network of the Urban Institute of Paris (IUP), called Urba + (see program: http://www.pierremansat.com/article-20254874.html). That day, planners, actors the political and economic world have given their views of the place they were talking about. It was further discussion of coffee trade and Machiavellian tactics.
Unsurprisingly, there was much talk of social inequalities and lines of fragility of the territory, which led Gilles RABIN to wonder if "the Paris region was a large body sick! "
On the housing issue, Jean-Claude DRIANT, a professor at IUP, said that the shortage of supply is as much related to the insufficient number of buildings (on this criterion, the Ile-de-France is above -last in France, just before the Picardy!) but also, the "crisis of selective mobility. In other words, the gap grows between the owners and tenants can move to have the choice - because of the retirement housing - but to stay where they are or move away from urban centers, or leave the area. The turnover rate in social housing has risen from 10% in 1998 to 6% currently. As recalled by Jean-Luc VIDON, director of AORIF (Social Union Habitat Ile-de-France), half of the social heritage of the region is concentrated in 10% of the territory and gap is still increasing! The queues get longer, the poor housing develops. For policymakers, the challenge is twofold: to build, to thin the mobility and balance the territories, but also produce the types of housing to meet the needs of people, not to mention sustainable development concerns. To achieve this goal, some said he needed a leader, as exists elsewhere in France. In employment
, G. Rabin asked Francis BALLET, Scientific Secretary General of Sanofi-Aventis R & D (Val-de-Marne) that he "expected of a Greater Paris possible, desired, wanted? "The representative of the pharmaceutical company, the case is heard. The Paris region is "attractive" because it offers profiles of expertise, public research, a network of public hospitals and subcontracting necessary. But the fragmentation of power is too great. And give the example of Greater Lyon, where the leadership is clear. In other words, despite the high quality of the brains of the Paris public service, in the absence of leadership, the transfer of activities of the firm in other lands is a plausible option.
The issue of governance of Greater Paris, could not wait, unlike the radical statement - "These are territories that choose their leader!" - launched in the introduction to the evening with the architect and urban planner, professor at the CNAM, Michel Cantal-DUPART, which, together with Jean Nouvel, will coordinate one of the ten winning teams of the international consultation launched by the Elysee Palace to design the future development of the "Greater Paris". (Http://www.pierremansat.com/article-20182066.html?)
Volatility companies, geographical expansion, the housing wall, a state that wants to regain control, saying that policy makers public? Mireille Ferri, Vice-President of the Regional Council of Ile-de-France (Les Verts) responsible for planning the territory, responded by praising the collective intelligence, as it has been implemented in the draft Master Plan for the Ile-de-France (SDRIF) (this scheme is designed to meet current and future population in terms of housing, transport, environment and employment). The government, decrying the SDRIF and by playing against the project's future Grand Paris, was disowned by the results of the public inquiry in late 2007, the largest ever made (it hit 11 million Parisians): the SDRIF received a "unanimous approval, together with four reserves primarily techniques, the public inquiry, Wednesday, June 11 This collective intelligence, Mr. Ferri has to think of the areas of cooperation, institutional and non-scene with actors from different levels and where flexible forms of management would address conflicts of use and scale. In this context, Paris must be seen as the central location of a vast territorial organization, which can work in regional interdependence, on topics such as, for example, river navigation.
Philippe DALLIER, Senator UMP Seine-Saint-Denis, Mayor Les Chalets-sous-Bois, member of the Observatory of decentralization of the Senate He stated emphatically that the proposed governance is fundamental. He reiterated his vision of governance at three levels: the commune, and the Greater Paris region, while calling for sharing of wealth. A fundamental point that neither Nicolas Sarkozy, nor does raise Christian Blanc ...
In accordance with various stakeholders, I have re-affirmed my belief in the inadequacy of government institutions by pre-existing metropolitan areas, which do not correspond to a modern vision of the city, where everybody sticks to his backyard. Inequalities in the region are unsustainable and resources such benefits should be shared. "I do not think the debate has to be at this stage on issues of scope, or even new institutions, even if the question is asked at one time or another," I said. "I think we're at a time when we must think in terms of nesting. The region may be the right size [metropolitan area], but we need to address the issue not addressed: the heart of the metropolis. "
Paris has set the terms of the debate in 2001 and established a provisional stage of consultation, the Metropolitan Conference, a place, political arena where politicians can talk, make common diagnoses and gives place to the mayors - who are at the heart of the democratic system. So what governance? Interlocking devices, a federation of local governments? And why not a UFO institutional? A variable geometry. Greater Paris.
Debate on the Greater Paris choked several times in history. This does not happen again, at the risk of "territories sink so silent" (Ferri) and ever more repressive urban management. This is a concept of solidarity and active city, where we do not give as horizon attractiveness, the international position and competitiveness of the neoliberal creed. In this debate, citizens must have their place.
Mansat Pierre, Deputy Mayor of Paris, in charge of relations with local authorities Ile-de-France and Paris Metropolis Project
Watch videos of his speech: