Marc Wiel, planner, wrote an article in the January issue of the journal Urbanism (No. 364) is devoted to the proposed underground ring road around Paris. We will have the opportunity to speak on this issue shortly. Without doubt, in this regard that the transportation project to be unveiled by Christian Blanc, Secretary of State for Development of the Capital Region will not fail to elicit reactions in professional urban planning.
Meanwhile, here is the summary of the article can be read on the website of the journal Urban :
"The debates around the draft Orbital Arc Express Métrophérique Ile-de-France under the master plan or that the consultation on the Greater Paris to illustrate the urban environment that reflection is not released in France from space, "its morphological tropism of magical thinking that inspires the inventors of places. It always works.
In his book
Greater Paris. forms and scales of Greater Paris Philippe Panerai has This approach reflects the usual skill in the art. The suburb is under-equipped centralities, just the mesh network to grow as centers of the nodes of each mesh. Here is the great unifying project which will leave the outskirts of his subordinate position. And we do not we put a streetcar commuters are also entitled to the speed. Speed, the word is out. There is good speed, that of transport and poor, the urban motorways. Well no! There is neither good nor bad speed: speed, whatever its terms, has advantages and disadvantages. Some of these disadvantages may be more or less thwarted by other policies that urban mobility. Speed is the competition between jurisdictions and it has advantages and disadvantages. If you want a territory with all of local services sufficient, socially mixed, with the opportunity for everyone to choose his method of habitat at a reasonable price, and finally allow the economic efficiency of urban systems, we must proportion the speed and the cost of travel differently depending on its nature. A master planning must set the framework for competition in the competition for space with the desire to comply much more or less contradictory. It is primarily a document which coordinates public policy before giving priority to specific projects.
Inadequate quality of service in transport of the first ring will require investment, for sure. Speed is less a question of material passing or not underground space between stations. We need a rate sufficient to give access to enough job, without pretending to give it to all jobs, so we do not guarantee a certain equality in the possibility of moving. This is the binder no spatial pattern alone will never guarantee in itself, and that will make the planner is left of the dealer drawing a perpetual illusion. In contrast, light rail may be useful to enable dissemination of metropolitan functions, which otherwise will always interest to concentrate, social imbalance which the whole organization of the metropolitan territory as is the case now. Hopefully one day specialists from different disciplines learn from urban planning to speak to them. In any case, the current controversies provide opportunities. "
Comment: must undoubtedly reconcile the planner and engineer-transport, in other words, the planner of the right soil and traffic manager. Far from an exercise in self-flagellation, the planner Marc Wiel Exort us rightly to understand urbanism in its broadest sense. Greater Paris Town Planners return to these fundamental frames of reference to enter metropolitan issues. In passing, we recommend the latest book by Marc Wiel (which should require reading in all Town Planning Institute, To schedule other cities (L'Harmattan, 2007), which can read a summary signed Xavier Desjardins site Nonfiction.fr